Singkatan di Dunia Komputer - Penyu Biru

Singkatan di Dunia Komputer

Siapa sih yang tidak mengenal komputer? Hampir semua orang tahu tentang komputer, bahkan anak kecil yang belum sekolah sekalipun. Komputer memang telah menjadi bagian dari kehidupan bagi sebagian besar masyarakat. Namun, tahukah anda tentang istilah-istilah yang sering digunakan dalam komputer? Berikut ini adalah daftar singkatan-singkatan dalam hardware sebuah komputer. Semoga berguna bagi anda.

--- A ---

ACPI - Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
ACR - Advanced Communications Riser
ADC - Analog to Digital Converter
ADPCM - Adaptive Differential Pulse-Code Modulation
ADSL - Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
AGP - Accelerated Graphics Port
ALI - Acer Labs, Incorporated
ALU - Arithmetic Logic Unit
AM - Active Matrix
AMD - Advanced Micro Devices
AMR - Audio Modem Riser
ANSI - American National Standards Institute
APM - Advanced Power Management
ASCII - American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASIC - Application Specific Integrated Circuit
ASPI - Advanced SCSI Programming Interface
AT - Advanced Technology
ATA - Advanced Technology Attachment
ATAPI - AT Attachment Packet Interface
ATM - Asynchronous Transfer Mode
ATX - Advanced Technology Extended

--- B ---

BGA - Ball Grid Array
BIOS - Basic Input Output System
BIT - Binary Digit
BNC - Barrel Nut Connector
BNC - Berkeley Nuclear Connector
BNC - British Naval Connector
BSRAM - Burst Static Random Access Memory

--- C ---

CAS - Column Address Signal
CAV - Constant Angular Velocity
CD - Compact Disk
CDR - Compact Disk Recorder
CDRW - Compact Disk Re-Writer
CDTV - Commodore Dynamic Total Vision
CD-ROM - Compact Disk - Read Only Memory
CFM - Cubic Feet per Minute (ft³/min)
CGA - Color Graphics Adapter
CISC - Complex Instruction Set Computer
CLV - Constant Linear Velocity
CMOS - Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
CMYK - Cyan Magenta Yellow Black
COAST - Cache On A Stick
CNR - Communication Network Riser
CPRM - Copyright Protection for Recordable Media
CPU - Central Processing Unit
CSU/DSU - Channel Service Unit/Data Service Unit
CRC - Cyclic Redundancy Check
CRIMM - Continuity Rambus Inline Memory Module
CRT - Cathode Ray Tube

--- D ---

DAC - Digital-to-Analog Converter
DACS - Digital Access and Cross-connect System
DAE - Digital Audio Extraction
DDC - Display Data Channel
DDR - Double Data Rate
DDR-SDRAM - Double Data Rate - Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
DEC - Digital Equipment Corporation
DIMM - Dual Inline Memory Module
DIP - Dual Inline Pin
DMA - Direct Memory Access
DOCSIS - Data Over Cable Systems Interface Specifications
DRAM - Dynamic Random Access Memory
DPI - Dots Per Inch
DS/DD - Double Sided, Double Density
DS/HD - Double Sided, High Density
DSL - Digital Subscriber Line
DSP - Digital Signal Processing
DSTN - Dual Supertwisted Nematic
DUN - Dial Up Networking
DVD - Digital Versatile Disc
DVD-RAM - Digital Versatile Disk - Random Access Memory

--- E ---

EBps - Exabytes per second
Ebps - Exabits per second
ECC - Error Correction Code
ECP - Enhanced Capability Port
EDO - Extended Data Out
EEPROM - Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
EPROM - Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
EGA - Enhanced Graphics Adapter
EGA - Enhanced Graphics Array
EIDE - Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics
EIAJ - Electronics Industry Association of Japan
EISA - Enhanced Industry Standard Architecture
EMI - Electro-Magnetic Interference
EMS - Expanded Memory Specification
ESDRAM - Enhanced Synchronous Dynamic DRAM
EPIC - Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing
EPP - Enhanced Parallel Port
ESD - Electro-Static Discharge
EWSD - Electronic Worldwide Switch Digital

--- F ---

FC-PGA - Flip Chip Pin Grid Array
FDC - Floppy Disk Controller
FDD - Floppy Disk Drive
FDDI - Fiber Distributed Data Interconnect
FeRAM - Ferroelectric Random Access Memory
FIFO - First In First Out
FLOPS - Floating Point Operations per Second
FMD - Flourescent Multi-layer Disk
FMD-ROM - Flourescent Multi-layer Disk - Read Only Memory
FPGA - Field-Programmable Gate Array
FPM - Fast Page Mode
FPS - Frame Per Second
FPU - Floating Point Unit
FSAA - Full Screen Anti-Aliasing
FSB - Front Side Bus
FXSR - Fast Save and Restore

--- G ---

GART - Graphics Address Remapping Table
GB - Gigabytes
GBps - Gigabytes per second
Gbps - Gigabits per second
GDI - Graphical Device Interface
GFD - Gold Finger Device
GHz - GigaHertz
GPA - Graphics Performance Accelerator
GPU - Graphics Processing Unit
GSR - Gigabit Switched Router
GTS - GigaTexel Shader

--- H ---

HCI - Human-Computer Interaction/Interface
HDD - Hard Disk Drive
HIPPI - High Performance Parallel Interface
HPA - High Performance Addressing
HSF - Heat Sink and Fan
HSR - Hidden Surface Removal
HardOCP - Hard Overclocker Comparison Page

--- I ---

IBM - International Business Machines Corporation
IC - Integrated Circuit
ICH - I/O Controller Hub
IDE - Integrated Drive Electronics
IDSL - ISDN Digital Subscriber Line
IEEE - Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers
IFTTC - Integrated Fiber To The Curb
IFITL - Integrated Fiber In The Loop
IHA - Intel Hub Architecture
I/O - Input/Output
IR - Infra Red
IRQ - Interrupt Request
ISA - Industry Standard Architecture
ISDN - Integrated Services Digital Network
ISO - International Standards Organization

--- J ---

JBOD - Just a Bunch Of Disks

--- K ---

Kbps - Kilobits Per Second
KBps - KiloBytes per second
KNI - Katmai New Instructions
KVM - Keyboard Video Mouse

--- L ---

LASER - Light Amplified by Stimulated Emissions of Radiation
LBA - Logical Block Addressing
LCD - Liquid Crystal Display
LDT - Lightning Data Transport
LED - Light Emitting Diode
LIF - Low Insertion Force
LIFO - Last In First Out
LMA - Lightspeed Memory Architecture
LPT - Line Print Terminal
LUN - Logical Unit Number
LVD - Low-Voltage Differential

--- M ---

MAC - Media Access Control
MB - MotherBoard
MB - Megabyte
MBps - Megabytes Per Second
Mbps - Megabits Per Second
MC - Micro-Channel
MCA - Micro Channel Architecture
MCE - Machine Check Exception
MCGA - Multi-Color Graphic Array
MDRAM - Multibank Dynamic Random Access Memory
MEMS - Micro-Electromechanical Systems
MFLOPS - Millions of FLoating point Operations Per Second
MFM - Modified Frequency Modulation
MHz - MegaHertz
MIPS - Million Instructions Per Second
MMX - Multi-Media Extensions
Modem - Modulate/Demodulate
MTRR - Memory Type Range Registers

--- N ---

NAS - Network Attached Storage
NAT - Network Address Translation
NFG - Not Functioning Good
NIC - Network Interface Card

--- O ---

OC - Overclock (Over Clock)
OEM - Original Equipment Manufacturer
OTFT - Organic Thin-Film Transistor

--- P ---

PA-RISC - Precision Archetecture Reduced Instruction Set Computing
PAL - Phase Alternation Line
PAN - Personal Area Network
PAT - Port Address Translation
Pb - Peta byte
PBC - Pipelined Burst Cache
PC - Personal Computer
PCB - Printed Circuit Board
PCI - Peripheral Component Interconnect
PCM - Pulse Code Modulation
PCMCIA - Peripheral Component Microchannel Interconnect Architecture
PCMCIA - Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
PGA - Professional Graphics Array
PIO - Programmable Input/Output
PIXEL - Picture Element
PLD - Programmable Logic Device
PnP - Plug 'n Play
POST - Power On Self Test
POTS - Plain Old Telephone System
PPGA - Plastic Pin Grid Array
PPP - Point to Point Protocol
PPPoA - Point-to-Point Protocol over ATM
PPPoE - Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet
PRAM - Parameter Random Access Memory
PROM - Programmable Read-Only Memory
PSU - Power Supply Unit
PWM - Pulse Width Modulation

--- Q ---

QDR - Quadruple Data Rate

--- R ---

RADSL - Rate Adaptive Digital Subscriber Line
RAID - Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks
RAID - Redundant Array of Independant Disks
RAM - Random Access Memory
RAMDAC - Random Access Memory Digital Analog Convertor
RAS - Row Address Strobe
RDRAM - Rambus Dynamic Random Access Memory
RGB - Red Green Blue
RIMM - Rambus Inline Memory Module
RISC - Reduced Instruction Set Computing
RLL - Run Length Limited
ROM - Read Only Memory
RPM - Revolutions Per Minute

--- S ---

SAN - Storage Area Network
SASID - Self-scanned Amorphous Silicon Integrated Display
SCA - SCSI Configured Automatically
SCSI - Small Computer System Interface
SDRAM - Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
SDSL - Synchronus Digital Subscriber Line
SECC - Single Edge Contact Connector
SEP - Single Edge Processor
SEPP - Single Edge Processor Package
SGI - Silicon Graphics Incorporated
SGRAM - Synchronous Graphics RAM
SIMD - Single Instruction-Stream, Multiple Data-Stream
SIMM - Single Inline Memory Module
SLI - Scan Line Interleave
SLIP - Serial Line Internet Protocol
SMDS - Switched Multimegabit Data Service
SMP - Symmetric MultiProcessing
SNR - Signal to Noise Ratio
SODIMM - Small Outline Dual Inline Memory Module
SPARC - Scalable Processor ArChitecture
SOHO - Small Office Home Office
SRAM - Static Random Access Memory
SSE - Streaming SIMD Extensions
STN - Supertwisted Nematic
STP - Shieled Twisted Pair
SVGA - Super Video Graphics Array
S/PDIF - Sony/Philips Digital Interface

--- T ---

TB - Terabytes
TBps - Terabytes per second
Tbps - Terabits per second
TEC - Thermoelectric Cooler
TFT - Thin Film Transistor
THz - TeraHertz
TIM - Thermal Interface Material
TNT - TwiN Texel
TOPS - Theoretical Operations Per Second
TSOP - Thin Small Outline Package
TTL - Transistor Transistor Logic
TWAIN - Technology Without An Important Name

--- U ---

UART - Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter
UDMA - Ultra Direct Memory Access
UMA - Unified Memory Architechture
UPS - Uninteruptible Power Supply
USB - Universal Serial Bus
UTP - Unshieled Twisted Pair

--- V ---

VCD - Video CD
VCM - Virutal Channel Memory
VCRAM - Virtual Channel Read Access Memory
VDSL - Very High Data Digital Subscriber Line
VESA - Video Electronics Standards Association
VFD - Vacuum-Flourescent Displays
VGA - Video Graphics Array
VIVO - Video In, Video Out
VLB - VESA Local Bus
VPN - Virtual Private Network
VRAM - Video Random Access Memory

--- W ---

WORM - Write-Once Read-Many
WRAM - Window Random Access Memory
WYSIWYG - What You See Is What You Get

--- X ---

XGA - Extended Graphics Array
XMS - Extended Memory Specification
XT - Extended Technology

--- Y ---

--- Z ---

ZIF - Zero Insertion Force
ZV - Zoomed Video

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3 komentar pada "Singkatan di Dunia Komputer"

  1. plsss pass the whole computer hardware acronyms


  2. Arti Singkatan di Komputer | Safril Blog

  3. Links Built

    Arti Singkatan di Komputer | Safril Blog


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